Different Types of Generators and Their Uses

An electrical generator is used to generate electricity, and this machine can be very helpful during power outages. There are three basic types of electrical generators, and they are used for different purposes. In this post, we are going to discuss different types of generators and their applications. Read on to learn what type of generator you need.

An electrical generator converts gasoline, diesel or propane into electrical energy. During power outages, generators are life savers. Three main types of generators are portable, standby and inverter generators. Although their internal mechanisms are a bit different, they all should undergo similar maintenance procedures.

Portable generator

To conduct electricity, a portable generator has a combustion engine. You can plug this generator into electrical tools or appliances. The plugging is done via sockets. These generators are designed to be wired into the subpanels of a facility. Many people use portable generators in remote sites.

A portable generator is usually powerful, and it can be used to run a refrigerator, freezer and television. The engines of portable generators run at 3600 rpm, and produce 60 Hz current. To control the speed of the engine, this type of generator usually has a governor. Portable generators are widely used to power lights and tools.

During calamities and natural disasters, portable generators are very helpful. They can be used during unscheduled or planned power outages. They are suitable for powering agricultural equipment, outdoor events, outdoor weddings, camping, and at construction sites.

Inverter generator

In an inverter generator, an alternator is connected to an engine, and the machine produces AC power. With the help of a rectifier, the AC power is converted into DC power. Now we are going to discuss the main characteristics of an inverter generator.

High-tech magnets are used to propel an inverter generator. It also has advanced electrical circuitry. To produce electricity, it undergoes 3 phases. The output of an inverter generator is AC current. The machine then converts it to DC current and finally the current is inverted to AC. A constant flow of current is maintained.

Inverter generators are used to power appliances like automobiles, refrigerators and air conditioners, recreation vehicles and boats.

The required amount of power determines the engine speed, and that is why this type of generator is energy-efficient. You can set its AC power to any frequency and voltage. Compared to other types of generators, inverter generators are little and lightweight. It can easily fit into a boat, RV or car.

Standby generator

An automatic transfer switch enables a standby generator to operate. During power loss, the generator receives command from the automatic transfer switch. So, the first thing about a standby generator is that it operates automatically. It delivers permanent and reliable power protection.

The two main components of a standby generator are the transfer switch and the generator itself. Natural gas or liquid propane is used to operate it. An internal combustion engine powers the generator. During a load shedding, power loss is hardly felt, because the machine starts working as soon as electricity is gone.

Utility power is constantly monitored. Standby generators are used to run medical equipment, standby lighting, elevators and other machines. Standby generators are used in hospitals, restaurants and hotels.

These are the main types of generators. Hopefully now you understand the differences and are ready to make an informed decision. Before you buy a generator, you should have a clear idea of what you are going to do with it.